Equivalent fractions are fractions that represent the same part of the whole.

are equivalent.

To find equivalent fractions, we must multiply the numerator and denominator by the same nonzero natural number.

Example: Get Fractions Equivalent to Fraction .

So the fractions are some of the fractions equivalent to .

## Fraction Simplification

A fraction equivalent to , in smaller terms, is . The fraction was obtained by dividing both terms of the fraction by the common factor 3. We say that the fraction is a simplified fraction of .

The fraction cannot be simplified, so it's called *irreducible fraction*. The fraction cannot be simplified because 3 and 4 have no common factor.